Rafael Canogar (Toledo, 1935)
Painter, sculptor and engraver.
From 1948 he attended the workshop of the painter Daniel Vázquez Díaz, and the drawing classes of the Círculo de Bellas Artes. In 1954 he held his first individual exhibition in the Altamira room, where he came into contact with the critic and poet Manolo Conde. In 1955 he began his abstract stage, met Feito and exhibited at the Arnaud gallery in Paris and at the Fernando Fe gallery in Madrid, also participating in the Hispano-American Biennial in Barcelona. The following year, he traveled to Italy with Manolo Conde and exhibited in Florence, being invited to the Alexandria and Venice Biennales. In 1957 he joins other painters forming the group "El Paso" with which he exhibits at the Buchholz gallery in Madrid. During those years, he repeatedly exhibited in Italy, France, Germany, the United States and Belgium, where he was awarded the Critics' Prize. After exhibiting at the Biosca gallery in Madrid in 1964, he abandoned Informalism and began to work with themes taken from the media, within an aesthetic that was not alien to pop art. Starting in 1967, this trend drifted towards a painting of social denunciation in three dimensions. In 1975 he delves into some chromatic formulas where the geometric reaches special significance. In 1971 he obtained the "Grand Prize" at the São Paulo Biennial and ten years later he was awarded the Grand Prize at the Sofia International Triennial of Painting, in addition to the National Prize for Plastic Arts. In 1985 he was appointed Knight of the Order of Arts and Letters of France.